"Upon finding that I work as a professional bonsai artist, many people will remark that they once had a bonsai, but it died and with some regret, they gave up".
Based on the Bonsai Basics section of the hugely successful Bonsai4me.com website and an e-book of the same name, 'Bonsai Basics: The Foundations of Bonsai', written and developed over the past 15 years is out now!
All copies are signed by the author.
Celtis Sinensis is a spreading, deciduous tree native to E. China, Korea and Japan where it reaches heights of around 12metres in woodland areas.
Visually similar to Zelkova serrata, Hackberrys have a very fine twig structure which carries glossy,blunt-toothed, dark green leaves to 8cm long.
Small green flowers are borne in Spring followed by small, sweet, edible fruit which are a dark-orange ripening to red-brown.
Rarely seen in the UK, Hackberrys are a fairly commonly used species in America and Asia where hotter summers are beneficial to vigorous growth.
BONSAI CULTIVATION NOTES
POSITION Full sun. Frost protection advised below -5°C.
FEEDING Weekly after buds open for 4 to 5 weeks. Then every two weeks until late Summer.
REPOTTING Annually as buds extend, use a basic soil mix.
PRUNING Trim back new shoots to shape. Responds well to repeated pruning and defoliation. This can cause 3 or 4 new shoots to emerge at the same point; it is important to reduce this to two.
PROPAGATION Sow seed outside in Autumn. Air-layering or cuttings in late-Spring.
PESTS AND DISEASES Trouble free in European climates.
STYLING Formal and informal upright forms, cascade and broom forms. Suitable for single or multiple trunks in all sizes.